Arab World

 

14. Lebanon > Area and Population


AREA

Lebanon is situated in the Middle East, bounded by the Mediterranean to the west, Israel to the south, and Syria to the east and north. The total area of the country is 10,450 square km (4,500 square miles). The terrain is varied. There are two mountain ranges, the Mount Lebanon and the Anti Lebanon which run parallel to each other the length of the country. The Mount Lebanon range runs along the coast line and reaches an elevation of 3,000 metres. The Bekaa valley runs behind the mountain range. This fertile plateau is the northern end of the Great Rift Valley.

Along the coast the climate is mild with hot, dry summers and wet winters. There is often snow on the mountains.

To view a map, visit Lebanon map.

POPULATION

The estimated total population was 4.099 million in 2007 with an estimated annual growth rate of 1.2 per cent. This figure includes around 300,000 Palestinian refugees. Approximately 30 per cent of the population live in Beirut. Other major towns include Tripoli, with a population of 160,000, Zahle and Sidon. Some 87 per cent of the population is urban. Population density per sq. km. is 306.

The majority of the population is Arab. Approximately 4 per cent is Armenian and other nationalities make up 1 per cent. The official language is Arabic. French, Armenian and English are also spoken.

BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, DEATHS

Figures from the Ministry of Social Affairs put the birth rate at 24.2 per 1,000 and the death rate at 6.4 per 1,000. The average life expectancy at birth in 2007 was 68 years for males and 73 years for females. Health life expectancy was 60 years and 64 years respectively. Approximately 28 per cent of the population was aged under 15 years and 10 per cent over 60 years. The median age was 28. The total fertility rate was 2.2. per woman. (Source: WHO)

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

2010
1 January: New Year's Day
9 February: Feast of St. Maroun
26 February: Mawlid al-Nabi (Birthday of the Prophet)*
2 April: Good Friday
5 April: Easter Monday
1 May: Labour Day
6 May: Martyr Day
15 August: Assumption Day
10 September: Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)*
1 November: All Saints
17 November: Eid Al Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice)*
November 22: Independence Day
17 December: Ashura
18 December: Muharram (Islamic New Year)*
25 December: Christmas Day
*Muslim holidays follow the Islamic Lunary Calendar and take place some 10-11 days earlier each year on the Christian calendar.

2011
1 January: New Year's Day
9 February: Feast of St. Maroun
15 February: Mawlid al-Nabi (Birthday of the Prophet)*
22 April: Good Friday
25 April: Easter Monday
1 May: Labour Day
6 May: Martyr Day
15 August: Assumption Day
30 August: Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)*
1 November: All Saints
6 November: Eid Al Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice)*
22 November: Independence Day
26 November: Muharram (Islamic New Year)*
5 December: Ashura
25 December: Christmas Day
*Muslim holidays follow the Islamic Lunary Calendar and take place some 10-11 days earlier each year on the Christian calendar.




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