Arab World


16. Iraq



Iraqi Republic
Al Jumhuriyah al-Iraqiyah




The International Year Book and Statesmen's Who's Who. Ed. Jennifer Dilworth, Megan Stuart-Jones. Leiden: Brill Publisher, 2010. Section: States of  the World, s.v. 'Iraq'.

Capital: Baghdad (Population estimate: 5.8 million)
Head of State: Jalal Talabani (Kurdish)
National Flag: A tricolour pale-wise, red, white, black; on the white band in green Arabic script appear the words Allahu Akbar (God is Great).
In January 2008, Iraq's parliament voted to change the flag, removing the three stars from the white band that represented the Baath Party. The Iraqi Kurds had refused to fly the flag because of its close association with a regime that repressed and killed their people. The new temporary flag will retain the three colours of the old one - red, white and black - and the Arabic inscription Allahu Akbar in green will also remain. A design for a new flag will be sought after one year.

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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
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