Arab World


17. Arabia Saudi > Environment

Environmental concerns include desertification and limited water supply.

Urban, industrial and agricultural growth in recent years has put a greater strain on the already limited water supply. The National Water Plan co-ordinates supply and distribution, and includes desalination projects, the use of wells and reservoirs. Urban water is treated and recycled, and targets are set to limit total consumption. Desalination projects are co-ordinated by the General Organisation of Sea Water Desalination. Saudi Arabia is now able to produce enough potable water to meet the needs of people on the east and west coasts, and can now cover inland areas including Riyadh and Madinah, enabling subterranean water supplies to be used for agriculture. In the last 25 years, over 160 dams have been built. The most significant are: Wadi Najran with a storage of 85 million cubic metres; Wadi Jizan with a capacity of 75 million cubic metres; and Wadi Fatima with a storage of 20 million cubic metres.

Saudi Arabia is a party to the following international agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, and Ship Pollution.

In 2006 Saudi Arabia's emissions from the consumption and flaring of fossil fuels totalled 424.08 million metric tons of carbon dioxide.

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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
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