Arab World

 

17. Arabia Saudi > Employment


Recent figures show that less than half of the workforce are Saudi nationals. Approximately 12 per cent of people are employed by the government and over 70 per cent of these are Saudi nationals. Saudi Arabia has launched a privatisation plan to increase job opportunities for its growing young population and at the end of 2000 plans were announced for a training institute to be set up, which would provide vocational courses for the unemployed.

Total Employment by Economic Activity


Occupation

2008

Agriculture, hunting, forestry & fishing

382,400

Mining & quarrying

107,688

Manufacturing

508,844

Electricity, gas & water supply

66,902

Construction

745,774

Wholesale & retail trade, repairs

1,257,941

Hotels & restaurants

279,128

Transport, storage & communications

361,909

Financial intermediation

86,003

Real estate, renting & business activities

313,469

Public admin. & defence; compulsory social security

1,502,913

Education

932,507

Health & social work

365,459

Other community, social & personal service activities

163,050

Households with employed persons

876,596

Extra-territorial organisations & bodies

6,277

Source: Copyright © International Labour Organization (ILO Dept. of Statistics, http://laborsta.ilo.org)

 


Due to population growth many young people entering the job market cannot find employment and recent unemployment figures have been put at 9 per cent although some unofficial estimates give a higher figure of 25 per cent. To combat this, companies employing more than 20 people must include a percentage of Saudi nationals. Culturally women are not encouraged to work and it is estimated that only five per cent of female graduates are in employment.




Copyright © 2010 Koninklijke Brill NV. For more information please visit www.brill.nl
 



This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
    Project     Legal notice     Press     Contact
Copyright 2011 by learningarabic